Việt Nam is in the process of getting a licence to export avocado to the US, according to the Việt Nam Trade Office in the US.
The Việt Nam Trade Office’s branch in San Francisco (US) said avocados are mainly sold at big supermarkets with large volumes, so they must meet the high requirements of the US market. Avocado distribution companies must be responsible for controlling the stages of a supply chain, from production to distribution, while exporters need to have sufficient quality certificates.
To enter the US market, avocados must meet the minimum requirements of the regulations on maturity, colour and weight. Avocados must be intact, clean and without insects.
Therefore, small-scale exporters often face many difficulties in accessing this market due to lack of experience or linkage with supply chains. In addition, the process of transporting avocados from farms to the market is a huge challenge.
It said Việt Nam currently has many avocado varieties with harvest time across almost the whole year. However, the value of Vietnamese avocado is still low due to limitations in production, including limitations of applying science and technology for production, fragmented production scale, and lack of branding and geographical indications.
Therefore, to export avocado to the US, Việt Nam must require exporters ensure they have quality certificates, establish trust with partners in the supply chain by strong commitment on quality and information transparency in implementing export contracts.
If Việt Nam’s farmers have qualified production as well as suitable investment and market approaches for avocados, they can gain high turnover from exporting this kind of fruit to a difficult market like the US, the office said.
According to a US survey on avocado consumption, the US in 2018 spent US$2.35 billion to import 1.04 million tonnes of avocados. About 51 per cent of households in the US consume avocados with average spending of $24.5 each year, the office reported.
Avocado trees are planted in certain geographical regions. China and Thailand are major exporters of agricultural products but avocado trees are not suitable for planting. Avocado trees are popular in Việt Nam and it has the potential to supply this kind of fruit to the US.
Before that, Việt Nam spent 10 years to get a licence for exporting mangoes to the US, reported Vietnam News Agency.
Avocado growing countries include Mexico, Indonesia, Spain, Brazil, Peru, Chile, South Africa and some other South American countries.
In Việt Nam, avocado trees are now grown in many provinces and cities, but concentrated in the Central Highlands region with a total area of 8,000 ha.
Đắk Lắk Province is the largest producer in Việt Nam with a total area of over 4,300 ha. Following are Đắk Nông with an area of nearly 2,600 ha, Lâm Đồng and Gia Lai provinces.
In recent years, the Central Highlands avocados have been available in markets and supermarkets in Việt Nam and also exported to China