In the first two months of 2020, the electricity, refrigeration and manufacturing industries continued to take the lead in attracting foreign direct investment (FDI) to Vietnam.
According to economic experts, this stems from the advantage of Vietnam’s successful signing of the European Union-Vietnam Free Trade Agreement (EVFTA).
In addition, the wave of shifting investments to Vietnam among foreign companies, which has been taking place since late 2019, is being further accelerated in early 2020. Vietnam Government Portal reports.
FDI inflows maintain growth momentum
According to statistics by the Ministry of Planning and Investment, new and additional FDI pledges to the electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and distribution sectors have reached US$3.84 billion so far this year, accounting for 68.1% of the total registered capital.
The manufacturing industry has attracted approximately US$1.43 billion, representing 25.3% of the total, while FDI inflows in the remaining industries have hit US$371.8 million, making up 6.6%.
Recently, 38 countries and territories have their projects newly licensed in Vietnam. Of which, Singapore rose to become the largest investors with more than $4.11 billion, accounting for 82.2% of the total investment capital. China followed with $418 million, accounting for 8.4 percent.
By 2019, the EU was the fourth largest investment partner in Vietnam with over 2,240 valid projects with total registered capital at $24.67 billion, or 7.6 percent of the total FDI capital invested in Vietnam.
The EU has invested in 18 out of 21 industries according to the national economic classification system and is present in 54 provinces and cities across the country.
Its survey released last February showed that Vietnam is the top destination of Japanese enterprises this year. Particularly, among 122 enterprises participated in the survey said that they will move their factories.
Of which, 62.7% of the source of the movement is China while the destination is Vietnam with 42.3%, followed by Thailand with 20.6%, the Philippines with 18.6%, and Indonesia with 16.5%, according to the Japan External Trade Organization (JETRO).
However, unlike EU investors, investors from Japan have chosen a more diverse investment path in Vietnam. Accordingly, Japanese firms are investing strongly in the processing and manufacturing sector, in combination with supporting domestic enterprises to improve their capabilities to deeply integrate into the global supply chain.
Increasing the number of businesses manufacturing supporting products in Vietnam will enable Japanese companies to raise the supply rate of domestic supporting industry products, thus creating a solid foundation for Japanese end-product manufacturers when entering the Vietnamese market.
From another perspective, Japanese consumer goods companies are also covering their presence through Japanese retail-distribution systems, or opening a series of stores. For example, Aeonmall has changed its investment strategy and has identified Vietnam as its most important market in Southeast Asia.
Accelerating the removal of obstacles for businesses
According to Mr. Nicolas Audie, Chairman of the EuroCham, by launching the national public service portal, the Vietnamese Government has created a close connection between the Government, people, and enterprises, accelerating the progress of administrative procedure reform.
The country needs to quickly invest in modern devices for specialized inspection to improve the ability of automated inspection and shorten the time of customs clearance.
Regarding this matter, the Ministry of Industry and Trade said that authorities have been reviewing the Intellectual Property Law to revise in line with deeper commitments in the EVFTA and other new-generation free trade agreements (FTAs) to ensure the optimal benefits committed with investors and countries members in the FTAs.
At the same time, they will also review other important laws, such as the Law on Investment, Law on Enterprises, Law on Land, and some laws on tax to accord with the regulations and comply with the principles of cooperation in the framework of the FTAs that Vietnam has signed.
Considering the general economic development strategy in Vietnam, it can be seen that the stability currently aimed at by the country to extensively integrate into the world economy through bilateral and multilateral trade agreements will continue to create many opportunities for trade and investment in the near future.
Reporting by Vien Nhu