Creation of a company in Vietnam is slightly different to what an entrepreneur from another country might be used to. While the opportunities for companies based in Vietnam are compelling, the company registration process is more complex and bureaucratic than the USA, Australia and Singapore, for example.
Fortunately, the days of needing 4-5 months to register a company have passed, as has the insistence on local partners. Steady improvements are being made to processing times too. Nonetheless, there is some work to prepare for the formation of a foreign-owned startup in Vietnam. This article provides an overview.
The Company Registration Process in Vietnam
A registered company is key for your startup to enter into contracts, employ staff and collect revenues in Vietnam. A foreign-owned Limited Liability Company (LLC) is the most common company structure for foreign-owned startups in Vietnam.
For this type of company, you’ll go through a two stage process. You’ll need approval from the Department of Planning and Investment (typically in the form of an Investment Registration Certificate, IRC) for your project in Vietnam, and then an Enterprise Registration Certificate (ERC) for the creation of your company. The official timelines are about 45 days for the completion of these stages but preparation is key.
Preparation for Company Registration
Delays are often encountered where the required preparation has not been completed. There are four key considerations:
1) Clarify your Business Lines and Scope
Vietnam’s accession to the WTO required that the nation opened its economy to foreign investment in a wide range of business lines. The majority of tech startups will target ‘software development’ or ‘consulting’ business lines. Applications for these business lines are relatively straight-forward.
However, some business lines remain restricted to foreigners in Vietnam (for example, real estate and finance). Some of these other fields remain subject to case-by-case review or conditional approvals (eg. trading), caps on foreign ownership (eg. tourism) or require licenses and sub-licenses (eg. F&B).
2) Check your Capital and Proposed Scale
Vietnam requires you to prove you’re serious about your business. While there isn’t a strict law on what represents the minimum capital, approval from the Department of Planning and Investment will only be issued with proof of sufficient capital for your nominated business line. This capital must be deposited soon after creating the company.
3) Get a Company Address
Physical proof of your company’s planned location in Vietnam is key to your application. This can present a chicken-and-egg argument, as you will need to be incorporated before you can sign a lease, and you can’t incorporate until you have a signed lease. An MOU with your intended address may suffice, but there are other practical solutions to this issue.
4) Confirm your Ownership & Management Structure
You will need to nominate the owners of the business and verify their credentials. Note that the supporting documents required for a foreign owner that is a company are different to those documents required if the foreign owner is an individual. You might be tempted to form a Vietnamese-owned company to avoid some of these hassles, but remember that this incurs some risks and will complicate the payment of any dividends to foreigners.
The management structure underneath this may vary depending on how many owners your company will have. You may also need to think about a Controller and Chairman at this stage.
Get Expert Guidance
Of course, there are many other options when it comes to company formation, including other company structures (such as a Joint Stock Company) and activity codes (including ECommerce). Contact Metasource or GBS, the strongly recommended business and legal services firms in for further information on the establishment of a company in Vietnam.
Global Business Service (GBS) Co., Ltd is a leading commercial law firm in Vietnam providing business legal services, investment consulting, and other business support service (company formation, license arrangement, commercial agreements, mergers and acquisitions, shareholder arrangements and disputes, work permit, employment contracts, tax, consulting and financial advisory and executive search services).
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